Chandigarh Animation Institute 

What are the principles of animation known as the “12 Principles of Animation”? 

Chandigarh Animation Institute

Creating realistic and engaging animations is indeed a challenging endeavor, blending art with a precise understanding of motion, physics, and human emotion. It’s a skill that develops over time, with patience, practice, and a deep dive into the foundational principles that underpin great animation. For those aspiring to hone their animation skills, particularly if you’re considering joining a Chandigarh animation institute MAAC Chandigarh  or any other place of learning, here are some guiding insights to keep in mind:

Understand the 12 Principles of Animation

Disney animators Ollie Johnston and Frank Thomas devised the 12 Principles of Animation, which are a great resource for producing realistic and captivating cartoons. They go over every aspect of movement, from the fundamentals (squash and stretch, timing, and relaxing) to the subtleties (secondary action, anticipation, and appeal) that enhance depth and realism. A thorough understanding of these ideas should be provided in an animation course, together with the necessary theoretical context and hands-on practice to ensure mastery.

  1. Squash and Stretch: This principle gives the illusion of weight and volume to characters and objects as they move. Squash and stretch are used to exaggerate motion, making it more expressive.
  1. Anticipation: Anticipation is used to prepare the audience for an action, making the scene more readable. For example, a character might pull their arm back before throwing a punch.
  1. Staging: Staging refers to presenting an idea so that it is unmistakably clear. This can involve the use of camera angles, lighting, and the placement of characters and objects within a scene.
  1. Straight Ahead Action and Pose to Pose: These are two different approaches to drawing animations. Straight ahead animation means drawing out a scene frame by frame from start to finish, while pose to pose involves starting with key frames and then filling in the intervals later. Both methods have their uses depending on the desired effect.
  1. Follow Through and Overlapping Action: Follow through is the concept that parts of the body continue to move after the character has stopped. Overlapping action is the idea that not all parts of the body move at the same rate. These principles add realism to movement.
  1. Slow In and Slow Out: This principle refers to the easing of action as it starts and ends, making the movement more natural. It involves more frames at the beginning and end of an action, with fewer in the middle.
  1. Arcs: Most natural action tends to follow an arched trajectory, and animation should adhere to this principle for more natural movement.
  1. Secondary Action: Secondary actions are smaller actions that occur as a result of a primary action, used to add more dimension to character movement and expressions.
  1. Timing: Timing refers to the number of frames given to an action. Correct timing is crucial to making animation believable and can affect the perception of weight, speed, and mood.
  1. Exaggeration: Exaggeration is used to push movements further for dramatic or comedic effect. It helps to convey emotions and actions more clearly.
  1. Solid Drawing: This principle emphasizes the importance of understanding the basics of drawing, including form, weight, volume, and anatomy, to create more life like animations.
  1. Appeal: Appeal refers to creating characters and actions that are interesting and engaging to the audience. A character with appeal is not necessarily sympathetic but is fascinating and captivating.

Together, these principles form the cornerstone of animation, guiding animators in creating more fluid, realistic, and engaging animations that connect with the audience on a deeper level.

Instruction that builds on fundamental creative skills. In the modern digital age, software proficiency is crucial, but the fundamentals of animation are character design, narrative, and motion and emotion perception. A quality animation school will provide you with the artistic vision and technical know-how required for professional success.


A big step towards learning this complex art form is deciding to follow your passion for animation by enrolling in a Chandigarh animation institute, or any other respectable school for that matter. Being an animator is a journey full of constant learning, trying new things, and developing. As you start down this route, keep in mind that producing realistic and captivating animations will present problems.Every project presents a fresh chance to put the concepts of animation into practice, hone your craft, and find your own voice as an animator.

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